ERIC - Positive Attitude Toward Learning., 1975
ERIC - Developing Attitude Toward Learning., 1968
In seeking to improve student performance, satisfaction, and retention, teachers should consider adopting a constructivist approach to teaching. According to the theories of constructivism, learning is an active and constructive process; learners not only construct knowledge, but the knowledge they already possess affects their ability to gain new knowledge (Etkina and Mestre 2004). Constructivism thus has important implications for the teaching and learning of science. As stated earlier, one of the potential reasons for students having negative attitudes toward science has to do with their previous experiences. The study conducted by Cherif and Wideen (1992) found that students complained that what they were taught in their college science classes sometimes contradicted what they had been taught in high school. Constructivism recognizes that knowledge previously acquired by the learner will affect how s/he interprets what a subsequent instructor is attempting to teach (Etkina and Mestre 2004). If something contradicts what has been previously taught and learned, the new contradictory information may be disregarded. Therefore, an instructor should probe the knowledge that students have previously constructed in order to make appropriate instructional choices with respect to the content to be learned. The instructor should evaluate the sufficiency and accuracy of students' prior knowledge and decide if this background knowledge conflicts with what is being taught. If a conflict is apparent, the instructor should guide learners in reconstructing their knowledge using, for example, guided inquiry in a relevant context (Etkina and Mestre 2004). To ignore learners' prior knowledge and beliefs makes it highly probable that the message intended by the instructor will not be the message understood by the student (Etkina and Mestre 2004). A good understanding of the content being taught is essential for building motivation and a positive attitude. In addition, providing the opportunity and the learning environment for the students to reconstruct their own conceptual knowledge and understanding leads to a lasting improvement in students' attitudes toward learning and to greater chances of success in their studies and lives.
Davide P. Cervone (CV/Teaching): Attitudes Toward Learning
This study revealed that generally students at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak had positive attitudes towards learning using the Internet. This perception was not race or gender specific. It was also not related to students' scholastic ability. However students from the Faculty of Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Resource Sciences and Technology had more positive attitudes compared to students from the other two faculties. This could be because the students in these two faculties were more exposed and had more opportunities to use the Internet for course related activities.