4. Portuguese Imperialism in Asia
1750-1914 - Imperialism in Asia
Imperialism in Asia traces its roots back to the late fifteenth century with a series of voyages that sought a sea passage to India in the hope of establishing direct trade between Europe and Asia in spices. Before 1500 European economies were largely self-sufficient, only supplemented by minor trade with Asia and Africa. Within the next century, however, European and Asian economies were slowly becoming integrated through the rise of new global trade routes; and the early thrust of European political power, commerce, and culture in Asia gave rise to a growing trade in lucrative commoditiesâ€”a key development in the rise of today's modern world free market economy.
SparkNotes: Europe 1871-1914: Imperialism in Asia (1830-1900)
The fundamental thrust of Australian ruling class policy towards Asia was solidarity with European and US colonialism and imperialism throughout the region. The Australian state recognised the authority of the colonial governments and had no dealings, and showed no sympathy, with any of the nationalist movements in the region. Foreign and defence policies of the Australian state took their lead from British imperial policy in the Asian region. Australian imperialism, however, did see itself as a competitor with emerging Japanese imperialism. The first concrete issue around which this rivalry was expressed was the Australian state's attempt—against the consensus of the European imperialist powers—to prevent former German possessions in the northern Pacific above New Guinea becoming Japanese protectorates. The Australian government lobbied for them to be placed under Australian control.
European Imperialism in Asia and Africa has certainlyleft a lasting legacy in the modern world. Some former colonies have faredquite well. A couple former imperial port cities—Hong Kong and Singapore—havebeen among the wealthiest cities or countries in the world. According to theCIA World Fact Book, these cities both had a higher GDP per capita than theUnited States or Great Britain in 2011 (Wikipedia). Older former settlercolonies—such as the United States, Canada, and Australia—are also among thewealthiest. Other countries that have recently shuffled off imperialcontrol—China and India—have had the fastest growing economies in the worldsince opening up their economies to the highly competitive global free market.