Why do people move from rural to urban areas in LEDCs?
What are the effects of rural-urban migration in LEDCs?
The main difference between floods in MEDCs and LEDCs are the impacts of floods in each place. Very similar floods produce severely worse effects in Ledcs than they do in Medcs. The Boscastle and Bangladesh floods were essentially very similar in terms of amount of rain and water that flooded the land, never the less in Boscastle, despite there being severe damage to property and the whole of the town being flooded, there were no deaths. In contrast in Bangladesh there were over 1000 deaths due to the flooding itself, and many more died due to injury and disease related to the flood. On top of this 30 million people in Bangladesh were made homeless in contrast to only a few in Boscastle, who were only left homeless for a short time.
LEDCs rely on aid for funding while MEDCs rely on the government.
Some MEDCs may genuinely wish to address these grievances while others may wish to avoid them through clever ways that don't make them look bad (even under the Obama administration, for example, US delegates often say that the reason why they wish not to provide economic aid is because they don't trust that the government isn't corrupt or that it will spend the money efficiently). Others may wish to truly address the issue through a compromise that tries to make LEDCs and MEDCs happy. On the other hand, others may wish to approach the topic differently, such as thinking about the exploitation of LEDCs by forces from within the country (like a corrupt government). The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is one example to combat that.
The LEDC(Less Economically Developed Country) sector includes countries with a lower GDP and a lower standard of living than MEDC (More Economically Developed Country) countries. Indicators used to classify countries as LEDC or MEDC include industrial development and education. MEDCs pursue the expansion of manufacturing industries and provide a wider access to in-classroom public education than LEDCs, which generally rely on agriculture and have less educational opportunities for their populations (, 2011).LEDCs are not as organised as MEDCs, leading to many problems in the recovery process. After the Hati earthquake, most of the 1.5 million homeless had to live in makeshift tents and camps. These camps had poor standards leading to more people dying from disease. Others risked flooding. In the Christchurch earthquake, the homeless were moved to safe shelters, citizens were well educated and able to organize. MEDCs recover from a disaster like this much faster than LEDCs.